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Vectors for Safety - a wonderful source for Aviation News, Professional Commentary and Accident Analysis is published monthly by Gene Benson, and is now a permanent "Top of the Page" feature of our INFO WAREHOUSE.

To View Vectors for Safety CLICK HERE

For Aerobatic fans: 2020 Contest Listings - The IAC 2020 contest season will begin in March, with the first contest in Arizona, the Estrella Cup (Glider only contest). Visit for more information.

For U.S. Navy Blue Angeles Fans:  2020 Show Schedule
U.S.A.F. Thunderbirds Fans:   2020 & 2021 Schedule

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Check out the FAA’s Coronavirus Information page for regulatory updates as well as helpful guidance/resources at

This page has entries that begin 5/13/2020   -  Please see the "INFO Warehouse Page" ( page 1 )  for the initial earlier posts. Visit it - Click Here.


Let's Begin:  


08/10/2020   "Survey Says FAA Inspectors Feel Pressure To Accommodate Business" - ARTICLE - Russ Niles AVweb - "An independent survey of FAA safety division employees suggests they feel pressure to accommodate industry demands at the expense of safety. The Mitre Corporation survey was sent to 7,000 employees in the aviation safety group and 25 percent responded."  Read it Here.

08/09/2020   "Why We Lose Control" - Aviation Safety Magazine - The aviation industry in recent years has highlighted loss of control in-flight (LOC-I) as the leading cause of general aviation fatal accidents. Many aviation organizations, including government agencies, have devoted considerable time and resources to target this problem and develop effective mitigations to reduce the number of LOC-I accidents.  Read it Here.

Loss-of-control accidents aren't always about inadequate skill alone. They also can be about inadequate risk management.

08/09/2020   HACKERS TOPPLED GARMIN NETWORKS - COMPANY RECOVERING FROM FOUR-DAY OUTAGE - From AOPA 7/27 - "The scale of last week's ransomware attack on global GPS company Garmin, along with the company's perceived missteps in responding, have wide-ranging implications, observers say, with one security expert warning that if the company paid the ransom -- said to be as high as $10 million -- it is now an even bigger target."  Read about it Here.

08/09/2020  Free Aviation Weather Courses - The Partnership to Enhance General Aviation Safety, Accessibility, and Sustainability (PEGASAS) Center of Excellence research team from Western Michigan University and Iowa State University have partnered with the FAA Weather Technology in the Cockpit NexGen Research Program and FLY8MA Ground School to develop aviation weather lessons for flight instructors and the GA community. These lessons are available free  and are sponsored by The FAA Weather Technology in the Cockpit (WTIC) NexGen Program. Caution: This does appear to be in part a promotion for a private education website. - The WeatherXplore mini-lessons are 10 short weather lessons with real-world scenarios of  weather phenomenon and weather products a General Aviation pilot may encounter. The complete lessons can be accessed here.

08/09/2020   "In Too Deep" VIDEO from AOPA - On November 26, 2011, a VFR-only private pilot took off from Indiana in a Cirrus SR20, headed for the Chicago area. This AOPA Air Safety Institute Accident Case Study examines how deteriorating weather and a series of decisions led to tragedy. Watch the video >

08/09/2020   AIRCRAFT SYSTEMS - GO BEYOND THE TEXTBOOK—ANALYSE YOUR AIRCRAFT’S HEALTH WITH THIS SAFETY SPOTLIGHT - COURSE - Sponsored by California Aeronautical University.  "Aircraft are extremely reliable when properly cared for and can deliver years of safe flight. But not all pilots know as much as they should about the proper care and maintenance of their aircraft’s engine, propeller, and pneumatic system—all critical to the safety of flight."  "This safety spotlight examines an airplane’s piston engines, propellers, and pneumatic systems, and how to keep them in the best condition possible." Upon Completion you can download a certificate of credit.  Not made entirely clear on the page is how to proceed. Locate the coarse subject box shown with a gray color background e.g. "Engine Basics," and click on the box. Then proceed to read!  You can see the course here.

08/09/2020   Colorado Welcomes Weather Cameras - The FAA Weather Camera Program collaborated with the Colorado Department of Transportation (DOT) to complete the installation of 13 cameras in July. The state of Colorado hosts the first official weather camera systems in the lower 48 states and lays the path for other state DOTs to implement the service for their aviation communities.

Due to COVID-19 travel concerns, the team conducted virtual pre-engineering surveys and received technical details in photos of each site that were used to develop the installation plans. The FAA plans to use this same model for other state DOTs who wish to establish camera services in their states.

The camera images are publicly available on a new website launched this week with tutorials on how to use the information presented on the site.  For more information, an article on the weather cameras is on the FAA’s Cleared for Takeoff

08/09/2020  - NBAA, AOPA Express Concerns Over FAA’s Pilot Records Database NPRM -  Washington, DC, Aug. 6, 2020 – The National Business Aviation Association (NBAA) and the Aircraft Owners and Pilots Association (AOPA) today sent a letter to Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) Administrator Steve Dickson expressing their “serious concerns” with the agency’s proposed rulemaking regarding the Pilots Records Database (PRD). Read the full letter to the FAA.

08/09/2020  - NBAA Requests Improved Access to Treasury Loan Program -Washington, DC, Aug. 4, 2020 –  The National Business Aviation Association (NBAA) has joined a coalition of industry groups seeking flexibility in the eligibility criteria for a loan program created by the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security (CARES) Act that will ensure pivotal sectors of aviation continue to serve the national interest during the COVID-19 pandemic.

NBAA has been at the forefront of efforts to protect the economic integrity of the aviation industry throughout the COVID-19 pandemic and led a significant initiative to secure general aviation’s inclusion in key provisions of the CARES Act, including the Air Carrier Payroll Support Program, which has been a critical aid for aviation during the pandemic.

The CARES Act also includes an important stimulus for the aviation community through the Section 4003 direct loan program, which supports air carriers, including FAR Part 135 operators, FAR Part 145 repair stations and other parts of the industry impacted by the pandemic.

In a joint letter to Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin, NBAA, the Helicopter Association International (HAI), the National Air Transportation Association (NATA) and the Regional Airline Association )RAA) caution that the current requirements of the Section 4003 loan program may hinder the survival of operators conducting key services during the COVID-19 pandemic.  Read the full letter.

08/09/2020   The Wilder Wildcat - From General Aviation News - Did General Motors build Airplanes in WW2?  - Read this!

08/09/2020   Meet The Humans Behind FAA’s Human Factors Team- For decades, the FAA has been at the forefront of aviation human factors research, development, and practical application. While not always obvious to the average aviation consumer, this work is absolutely critical to preventing human-induced error and improving the safety of the NAS. Learn more about the FAA’s role in this important field in the FAA Safety Briefing article “The Humans Behind Human Factors: A Look at the People and Resources in the FAA’s Human Factors Team” ( Check out the entire July/Aug human factors-themed issue at

08/02/2020   BLACKHAWKS Over the Beach - VIDEO - California Air National Guard Training Exercise - 140 Aviation Regiment, Cal Guard. Los Alamitos Army Airfield (KSLI) - Friday 1330hrs, south to north along the south bay LA coast..... Between Palos Verdes Peninsula and LAX.....  You can see the video Here:

08/02/2020  Airworthiness Concern Sheet-Continental O-470 - Notice Number: NOTC0242

Continental Aerospace Technologies, Inc. was made aware of a Cessna 182P that lost power in-flight on December 12, 2019, with the pilot smelling smoke in the cockpit, resulting in the pilot conducting a forced landing on an Interstate with no injuries. The investigation found that the modified Continental O-470 engine’s crankshaft was fractured between the #5 and #6 cylinders. The engine was originally an O-470 that underwent a conversion via STC SE4985NM, to increase the engine displacement to an O-520 equivalent, and STC SE10233SC, to install a supercharger. The crankshaft, which had been ground down for reuse and inspected in October 2018, was an Airmelt model (pre-Vacuum Arc Remelt (VAR)) that was not designed to be used on the bigger bore engines (due to the greater strains encountered on those engines, as addressed by Continental CSB96-8 and MSB96-10B). The FAA is concerned that the Airmelt crankshafts are being improperly used in these converted O-470 engine models (renamed O-470-50 as specified it STC SE4985NM). The Atlanta ACO would like to gather data to better understand the overall impact on the flying public.

The FAA is requesting the following information from owners and operators of the Continental Aerospace Technologies, Inc. engine models O-470-K, -L, -M,
-R, -S & -U that have been converted into an O-470-50 engine model
using STC SE4985NM:

1) Have you installed STC SE4985NM to convert your O-470-K, -L, -M,
-R, -S & -U engine into an O-470-50 by increasing the engine displacement?

2) If the answer to question one was ‘Yes’, have you also installed STC SE10233SC to install a Belt-Driven Vortech V-1S supercharger assembly on the same Continental engine (either before or after STC SE4985NM was installed)? Or any other engine-related STC’s in addition to STC SE4985NM?

3) If you have an engine with either STC SE4985NM, SE10233SC or both installed, please confirm whether your crankshaft was manufactured using the Airmelt process or the Vacuum Arc Remelt (VAR) forging process (please refer to CSB96-8 for guidance on how to identify your type of crankshaft). If you do not know which process was used for your crankshaft and are unable to determine it, please respond to this question with ‘Unknown’. Select the following link to read the Airworthiness Concern Sheet:

08/02/2020  "General aviation to the rescue for Navajo Nation -  BY Virginia-based international aviation nonprofit Air Serv International is continuing in its operations to deliver critically needed humanitarian relief to the Navajo Nation, which has been hit hard by the COVID-19 pandemic. - The operations, which began the week of July 6, are primarily funded by a grant from the International Society of Transport Aircraft Trading (ISTAT) Foundation, which was awarded in late June 2020.  Read the Story Here.

'08/02/2020  "Pattern Precision in 57 Seconds" "Regular, structured proficiency training is the most effective way to reduce general aviation accidents. Flying in the traffic pattern involves nearly all piloting tasks, and is a logical choice for a proficiency training environment. Commitment to precision and consistency in pattern operations will yield safety benefits in all phases of flight." New Training Video - See it Here

08/02/2020   Pattern Precision FACT SHEET - The FAA, General Aviation Joint Steering Committee (GAJSC), and industry agree that regular, structured, proficiency training is perhaps the most effective means of reducing GA accidents. Because the traffic pattern involves nearly all piloting tasks, it is a logical choice for a proficiency training environment. Commitment to precision and consistency in pattern operations will yield operational safety benefits throughout the flight task spectrum. Download the FACT SHEET HERE.

08/02/2020  "The Missing Piece of the Safety Puzzle?" - From Business Aviation INSIDER - "Technical failures once plagued aviation, but the industry’s technological prowess and dedicated pursuit of excellence dramatically improved safety. With the introduction of crew resource management (CRM) programs and safety management systems (SMS), business aircraft operations have discovered that the human impact on accidents is more of a challenge. However, with the help of emotional intelligence, business aviation may be able to achieve a higher level of safety." Read the story HERE.

07/23/2020  20 Seconds To Save It: How An Impulsive Pilot Caused a Fatal Crash (Revised) - VIDEO - From AVweb - "The crash of Atlas Air 3591 shocked the airline industry. It was caused by a first officer with a long history of poor performance that wasn’t known when he was hired. And an experienced captain in the left seat wasn’t enough to save the airplane or the three lives aboard. In this video, AVweb’s Paul Bertorelli offers a detailed dissection of the accident based on the NTSB sunshine hearing."  See it Here.

07/19/2020  Recording of June Virtual GA Town Hall - VIDEO - Includes FAA Administrator Steve Dickson - Panel Discussions - length 1:58:22  - Please know there will be silence for the first minute prior to the start of the meeting.  The Town Hall featured FAA Administrator Steve Dickson along with a host of FAA experts and GA community leaders discussing the effects of COVID-19 on operations, aircraft, airports, and infrastructure.  You can watch the recording Here.

07/19/2020  "Real-World Takeoff Performance - Hint: You've probably got less than you think." ARTICLE from Aviation Safety Magazine - "Bush pilots learn how to gauge aircraft performance against takeoff and landing distances by eyeball, with lots of practice and occasional—sometimes disastrous—miscalculations. Most aircraft owners, however, tend to fly in and out of the same fields under similar circumstances. This puts a premium on those of us who aren’t delivering freight to the back country to recognize when the situation’s diverged from the familiar. That in turn argues for a little of what the quantitative types call “sensitivity analysis”—estimating how seriously changes in those conditions affect the ultimate results. In our case, the choices about aircraft loading, time of departure and the eventual go/no-go decision are what makes the difference between a successful takeoff with adequate climb rates or a subsequent phone call to our insurance agent." To read the full article, click or tap Here

07/19/2020  "Stormy Weather" - TRAINING VIDEO from ASI - Air traffic control can be a resource for pilots facing convective activity. Learn ATC's strengths and limitations when it comes to thunderstorms in this AOPA Air Safety Institute video.

07/19/2020   "How to Avoid Five Deadly Takeoff Mistakes"  TRAINING VIDEO - From Paul Bertorelli and AVweb - As usual, a video from Mr. Bertorelli is definitely a special find. This one as well will not disappoint.  No matter what model of GA craft you fly, this video might indeed provide some insight.  Watch it Here.

07/19/2020  MIT Study "Says Blocking Airliner Middle Seats Cuts Covid Risk By Almost Half" ARTICLE published by NAFI - "Recent research results and data generate the approximation that, when all coach seats are full on a US jet aircraft, the risk of contracting Covid-19 from a nearby passenger is about 1 in 4,300 as of early July 2020. Under the “middle seat empty” policy, that risk falls to about 1 in 7,700. These estimates imply Covid-19 mortality risks to uninfected air travelers are considerably higher than those associated with plane crashes but probably less than one in 500,000."  Which airlines seat the middle seat, which do not?  Find out all about that and much more Here.




07/19/2020  "Density Altitudes Trifecta" - From Aviation Safety Magazine - Photo from Aviation Safety Magazine - " Temperature, pressure and humidity all affect performance. - When considering landing on a runway with marginal length or a difficult or obstructed departure path, the first stage of aeronautical decision-making is deciding whether to land in the first place. The next one is if you land, can you make it out safely? Quite often there are good reasons to do neither, with perhaps the biggest single factor being density altitude, usually when trying to take off at the planned time."  Learning about DA and staying patient and humble, rather than jumping forward to satisfy an original goal can keep the airplane in shape to fly again.  You can read more about this important flight facet by clicking or tapping Here.

07/19/20  Summer heat equals hot starts - VIDEO from AOPA - Do you struggle with hot starting an airplane? You're not alone. This AOPA Air Safety Institute video helps demystify hot start procedures and gives you a peek at what's happening in your airplane's fuel delivery system. Watch the video

07/19/2020   LAKE RENEGADE ACCIDENT CASE STUDY - VIDEO/STORY - from ASI - "On July 27, 2017, a Lake Renegade amphibious aircraft arrived at the Oshkosh seaplane base for an afternoon during AirVenture week. After a brief stay, the pilot became anxious to load his two passengers and depart. Due to choppy water conditions on Lake Winnebago, the seaplane base staff repeatedly warned the pilot of the danger of taking off on high waves. The pilot ultimately chose to depart, which resulted in a fatal crash while attempting to get airborne."  View the Accident Case Study Here.

In this accident recreation from the AOPA Air Safety Institute, we follow the events of the day and seek to understand the circumstances that led to this ill-fated takeoff.

07/18/2020  The Power Of Paint - referring to Runway Markings - Read this should you be interested in using Circling minimums for a straight in approach in order to do one.  View the article here.

07/18/2020   NTSB Cites Pilot Performance In Atlas Air Crash - Read it Here

07/18/2020  Las Vegas Metroplex Project - "The FAA has issued a No Significant Impact-Record of Decision for the Las Vegas Metroplex project. The document, as well as the Final Environmental Assessment, are available on the Las Vegas Metroplex environmental website. - The decision enables the FAA to move forward with the project, which will use cutting-edge satellite navigation to move air traffic more safely and efficiently through the area. - While the airspace around Las Vegas is already safe, it’s not as efficient as it could be. The FAA will address the inefficiencies (PDF) by implementing new routes that are more direct, automatically separated from each other and have efficient climb and descent profiles. - The project includes McCarran International Airport, North Las Vegas Airport and Henderson Executive Airport. It is one of 11 Metroplex projects nationwide.

Prior to making the decision, the FAA conducted a thorough environmental review and extensive public engagement, including 11 public workshops in 2017 and 2019.The agency also held four public comment periods totaling more than 120 days and evaluated and responded to more than 140 comments.

The FAA currently plans to implement the procedures in November 2020.

The Las Vegas Metroplex environmental website includes Google Earth features that enable people to view current and projected flight paths associated with the project, as well as the noise analysis the FAA conducted at more than 172,000 grid points throughout the project General Study Area.

07/12/2020   Rote Understanding and Flight Risk Management - ARTICLE - from Aviation Safety Magazine - "I recently spent some quality time at a name-brand flight training facility, one which helps pilots at all experience levels meet their certification goals. One morning while waiting for better weather, I meandered to the coffee pot and found a CFI and student engaged in a frustrating-for-both discussion of risk management. In fact, there was violent agreement among them on the need to manage risk, but the student was rebelling at having to memorize various acronyms and explain what they mean."  Do you remember PAVE and IMSAFE - read this insightful treatise Here.

07/12/2020  - Distracted pilot runs out of fuel - Instructional ARTICLE - from General Aviation News -  "The airline transport pilot was relocating the CubCrafters CC19 to the owner’s private ranch. - He noted that, before the flight, he ordered fuel for the airplane. But when the fuel truck arrived, he checked the fuel levels using the fuel quantity sight gauges inside the airplane and “realized it was full,” so he declined to have the airplane refueled. - He added he did not visually verify the fuel levels in each fuel tank or use a dipstick."  A good short read. You can see it Here

07/12/2020  Sully Adds Voice To Lobby Against Potentially GPS-Jamming Cell Network - ARTICLE -  from AVweb - "The lobby against the granting of radio spectrum adjacent to frequencies used by GPS to a startup wireless provider has enlisted Capt. Chesley Sullenberger to press its case. In April, the Federal Communications Commission, over objections from the Department of Defense and Department of Transportation, agreed to allow Ligado Networks to establish a new broadband wireless network on a thin slice of radio spectrum that is right next to the frequencies used by some of the most important providers of satellite navigation and aviation services. The fear, which detractors say the FCC has recognized, is that the much more powerful terrestrial cell emissions will overpower the minuscule bits of energy beamed by the satellites, effectively jamming them." Read More of the AVweb story Here.

07/12/2020  Passing the Stress Test - ARTICLE - The new July/August issue of FAA Safety Briefing covers a topic near and dear to all airmen — human factors. Certain cognitive functions immediately come to mind in the aviation arena, like attention, detection, perception, memory, judgment/reasoning, and decision making. But for FAA Safety Briefing Editor Susan Parson, there is one universal human reaction that she characterizes as the ultimate human factor: stress. In her article, “Passing the Stress Test,” ( Parson explores the duality of stress (there’s a good side to it!) and provides some helpful tips on how to properly identify and manage stress. Check out the entire July/Aug human factors-themed issue at

07/12/2020  Know Before You Go & Avoid Flying Low - Notice Number: NOTC0199 - Sightseeing along the California Coastline:  “Know Before You Go & Avoid Flying Low”

Did you know the FAA has a policy in place to investigate citizen complaints of low-flying aircraft operated in violation of the CFR that might endanger persons or property?  If you feel the urge to descend below 1,000’ above sea level along the California coast, think again: there are safety and legal reasons why you shouldn’t.

Federal Aviation Regulations may in some instances allow for low altitude flight, but doing so off the coast poses significant safety risks.  Losing an engine over ocean waters poses a significant risk to life and property. Also, large birds are more prevalent at lower altitudes, and can create a significant hazard to aircraft.   Bottom line: flying the coast 1000’ above sea level will give you more time to respond to the unexpected. 

In addition, flying above 1000’ will also keep you in compliance with federal wildlife protection laws.  The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) has regulations that require aircraft to fly 1000’ above sea level in certain designated areas within Greater Farallones, Monterey Bay and Channel Islands National Marine Sanctuaries.  These are denoted on aeronautical charts by magenta lines and dots.  In these areas, flights below 1000’ above sea level (ASL) could result in NOAA civil penalties.  So, why not fly higher and enjoy the view?

For more information on the designated areas that require you to fly above 1000’ ASL along the California coast, please refer to your Sectional charts and reference below:

Finally please note that consistent with the FAR/AIM, pilots operating noise-producing aircraft (fixed-wing, rotary-wing and hot air balloons) over noise-sensitive areas should make every effort to fly not less than 2,000 feet above ground level (or sea level), weather permitting. The intent of the 2,000-foot altitude recommendation is to reduce potential interference with all types of wildlife and complaints of noise disturbances caused by low flying aircraft over noise-sensitive areas.  For the purpose of this Notice, the ground level of FAA’s general 2,000-foot minimum altitude recommendation for noise-sensitive areas is defined to include the highest terrain within 2,000 feet AGL laterally of the route of flight, or the uppermost rim of a canyon or valley.

Thank you for doing your part to protect wildlife, stay safe, and stay within the law.

Karen Arendt - Email:

Any questions? Please title the subject line in your email “NOAA Question” to allow us to better track it.

07/12/2020   Key Provisions for General Aviation Businesses in the CARES Act - ARTICLE - from NBAA - Read it HERE.

07/12/2020  Business Aviation Insider Magazine - July / Aug Digital Edition from NBAA Available Now -  "NBAA's 2020 Technology Issue has stories on urban air mobility traffic management, the benefits of flying sustainably, using “emotional intelligence” to enhance safety, plus a member profile of Meredith Corp., which quickly developed new protocols for flying during the COVID-19 pandemic." Sound Interesting?  You can download a digital copy HERE at no charge.

07/12/2020   Reference AC 90-66B – Non-Towered Airport Flight Operations

Please give special attention to safe operations at non-towered airports during flight planning, student through advanced pilot training, Practical Tests, WINGS/Flight Reviews, airmen currency checks; whenever a pilot is being trained and/or evaluated by a Certified Flight Instructor (CFI), Designated Pilot Examiner ( DPE ), Chief Pilot, Chief Flight Instructor, Check Airman, etc..

With the safety concerns at non-towered airports (the U.S. has approximately 500 airports with control towers compared to about 20,000 non-towered airports) along with temporarily reduced hours of operation for towers across the country, this is especially timely and will serve safety now and later.

Thank You!
Lee Unger
FAASTeam Representative
Scottsdale FSDO

07/05/2020   "Black-Hole Approaches" - ARTICLE - "Unless we’re on guard against it, the optical illusion involved in the black-hole approach makes us think we’re higher than we actually are. The pilot descends too early or too quickly, and comes up short of the runway in the weeds." From Aviation Safety Magazine "I’ve flown in there at night several times and I’ll do it again several more times. But I don’t like it. The combination of dim, non-standard lighting and the lack of nearby ground illumination—what the NTSB calls cultural lighting—pretty much defines the so-called black-hole approach, the kind where depth perception suffers from lack of detail, especially when there are few peripheral details. The human eye just isn’t all that good at night. More light and more lighted objects to help with depth perception are better." What YOU NEED to KNOW - Read it HERE.

07/05/2020   IFR FIX: 'BECAUSE IT'S LEGAL NOW' - ARTICLE - From AOPA: "A Cirrus SR22 is certified in aircraft approach category A (less than 91 knots) but is flying an instrument approach at 100 knots, a Category B approach speed. Do Category A minimums or Category B minimums apply to the operation?"  Want to know the answer?  Read the Dan Namowitz article by tapping or clicking HERE.

07/04/2020   HAI Spotlight on Safety: Nutrition - VIDEO - Eat well fly well: is there a correlation?  View it HERE

07/04/2020   NBAA Welcomes Key Aviation-Focused Provisions in House Infrastructure Bill - ARTICLE -  The National Business Aviation Association (NBAA) today welcomed passage of legislation in the U.S. House of Representatives that includes priorities for the association and the nation’s business aviation industry. House Resolution 2 (H.R.2) is a major infrastructure bill that contains legislative provisions important to business aviation and championed by NBAA - Read the Story.

07/04/2020  SAFO 20011, Operations in Oceanic Airspace during the COVID-19 Public Health Emergency, is now published. - This SAFO serves to advise flight crews of the potential loss of Air Traffic Control (ATC) services in the event of an oceanic ATC facility shutdown and recommends the mitigating procedures contained herein. The SAFO can be viewed by following link

07/04/2020   "ATC at it's Best!" - VIDEO - NEW 2020 EDITION Pilot dies in flight. ***DISCLAIMER*** The Hero passenger who lands the King Air Turbo Prop and saves his family had earned a Private Pilot's License 18 years prior to this incident. He quit flying shortly after with only 80 hours total time logged. On this "Commercial Charter" flight Doug White is flying home after attending his brother's funeral with his wife and daughters on board. The Charter Pilot dies suddenly within minutes after takeoff. Doug is forced to take control of the complex high performance turboprop aircraft with zero experience in a King Air and with zero notice. Dead pilot slumped over the controls and distraught family in the passenger cabin. If you are in anyway offended by these circumstances please do not watch this video. ***END OF DISCLAIMER*** . Previously released in 2015, this new edition includes new content, behind scenes information, interviews with air traffic controllers, super-titles of ATC communications, and more.  Link To it HERE

07/04/2020   The fix is in for CFIs - ARTICLE - by Jamie Beckett of General Aviation News addresses the challenges that both CFI's and their students face. A good read - View it Here.

06/28/2020  The Two Pilot Program - ARTICLE - by Jeb Burnside is Aviation Safety Magazine’s editor-in-chief. He’s an airline transport pilot who owns a Beechcraft Debonair, plus half of an Aeronca 7CCM Champ. - "One of general aviation’s most time-honored practices involves two or more pilots being aboard the same airplane at the same time. The purposes vary—from training and proficiency, to boring holes in the sky, to chasing down a $100 hamburger, and everything in between—but it’s not at all rare to find more than one pilot seated where they have flight controls in front of them. Most of the time, that’s a good thing: There are two sets of eyes, hands and feet, and if the pilot flying needs a break, there’s someone to keep the shiny side up. It can be a bad thing, though, if both pilots don’t have a full understanding of each other’s duties and responsibilities. When that happens, things can be forgotten or overlooked."  Webmaster Note: Lot's of good stuff in this read. Including, "Two-Pilot Do's and Don'ts" Recommended.  You can read it Here.

06/21/2020  Learn to manage stress with 'The Mental Game.' Did you miss the AOPA Air Safety Institute's live webinar "The Mental Game"? Watch the recording to learn about managing stress in and out of the cockpit.

06/21/2020   ASK ATC - Thunderstorms - SAFETY VIDEO from AOPA ASI - ATC can be a helpful resource for pilots facing convective activity. Learn ATC’s strength and limitations when it comes to thunderstorms in this video.  See the Video Here.

06/21/2020    Police Aviation Under the Gun - ARTICLE - from AINonline - "Nationwide calls to defund police units in the wake of the death of George Floyd is again putting law enforcement aviation under the microscope and widespread local tax shortfalls triggered by the Covid-19 pandemic are adding fiscal consequences. The implication for helicopter OEMs, counting on the stability of the parapublic market to cushion dual blows from downturns in the air ambulance and offshore energy markets, is potentially troubling." Read the full story Here

06/21/2020   FBO And Landing Fees = ATICLE - from Aviation Safety Magazine - "The subject of fees charged by airports and FBOs recently came under industry scrutiny. Airports and FBOs naturally need revenue, but operators need value in proportion to the costs and better information on them, in order to make informed decisions. I wanted to offer a couple of thoughts."  Read the full story HERE

First, it’s important to distinguish between fees an airport may levy and those of the FBO use of its facilities.

06/21/2020   WEATHER OR NOT THUNDERSTORM CHALLENGE - online course - from AOPA -

Get ready to fire up up your Cessna 172 for a VFR cross-country flight from New Jersey’s Cape May County Airport to Erie, Pennsylvania. But be prepared to deal with pop-up thunderstorms, deteriorating weather, on-board and ATC radar realities, and fuel concerns. You’ll make critical go/no-go decisions on this 300-nm route. If you’re interested in experiencing where your decisions lead, then this course if for you. You’ll even have the option to try different flight paths to see various decision outcomes.

What you will learn:

  • Making appropriate go/no-go decisions
  • In-cockpit weather strategies
  • Limitations of ATC weather radar
  • Best practices for thunderstorm avoidance
  • How to resist get-there-itis


  • When diverting is a good option


This course qualifies for AOPA Accident Forgiveness and FAA Wings.     Take the Course by Clicking HERE

06/17/2020   WASHINGTON – The head of the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), Stephen M. Dickson, today affirmed that the Boeing 737 MAX will only return to service following the completion of a comprehensive and rigorous review process.

Before the aircraft returns to the skies, the FAA must sign off on all technical reviews of Boeing’s proposed safety enhancements, Administrator Dickson said during testimony before the Senate Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation and the families of the victims of the Ethiopian Airlines and Lion Air accidents. Furthermore, Dickson pledged that he will fly the aircraft himself and must be satisfied that he would put his family aboard without a second thought before the return-to-service order is approved.

“As we have stated many times in the past, safety is the driving consideration in this process,” Dickson said. “This process is not guided by a calendar or schedule.”

The FAA is continuing to adhere to a data-driven, methodical analysis, review and validation of the modified flight-control systems and pilot training required to safely return the 737 MAX to commercial service. The FAA’s return-to-service decision will rest solely on the agency’s analysis of the data to determine whether Boeing’s proposed software updates and pilot training address the factors that led to the grounding of the aircraft.

The FAA has never allowed manufacturers to self-certify their aircraft, and Dickson stated the agency fully controls the approval process for the 737 MAX flight-control systems and is not delegating this authority to Boeing. Additionally, the FAA will retain the authority to issue airworthiness certificates and export certificates of airworthiness for all new 737 MAX airplanes manufactured since the grounding. Pilots will have received all of the training they need to safely operate the aircraft before it returns.

The following actions must take place before the aircraft returns to service:

  • A certification flight test and completion of work by the Joint Operations Evaluation Board (JOEB), which includes the FAA and international partners from Canada, Europe, and Brazil. The JOEB will evaluate pilot-training needs using line pilots of various experience levels from U.S. and international carriers.
  • The FAA’s Flight Standardization Board for the Boeing 737 will issue a report addressing the findings of the JOEB, and the report will be made available for public review and comment.
  • The FAA and the multi-agency Technical Advisory Board (TAB) will review all final design documentation. The TAB is made up of FAA chief scientists and experts from the U.S. Air Force, NASA and Volpe National Transportation Systems Center.
  • The FAA will issue a Continued Airworthiness Notification to the International Community providing notice of pending significant safety actions and will publish an Airworthiness Directive advising operators of required corrective actions.


06/16/2020   Virtual IOC2020: Pay Attention to Regulatory Changes in Cuba, Mexico - ARTICLE & Live Sessions - From NBAA - From stunning island vistas to busting centers of commerce, the vast region directly south of the United States offers plenty of reasons to visit. But operators looking to return without hefty fines will need to pay close attention to the details. Read the Info and Warning Data Here.

06/14/2020   Five Things You Can Break In A Pinch - ARTICLE - From AVweb - "If there’s one thing pilots are taught during their primary training, it’s to respect the limitations of the airplane they are flying. These can involve the detailed operating limits—especially airspeeds—found in the airplane’s flight manual, demonstrated crosswind capabilities, loading configurations, prohibitions against flight in known icing…the list is seemingly endless. Those limitations exist for a variety of reasons—to ensure the airplane will meet performance expectations, that it won’t be damaged, and so it and the pilot comply with applicable regulations."  So are there exceptions? The author writes that there are. Read More Here
06/14/2020   The importance of GA in Alaska - ARTICLE - From General Aviation News - "General aviation is a lifeline in Alaska. “Aviation is an integral and essential part of the Alaskan way of life,” says Governor Mike Dunleavy in a recent proclamation designating May 2020 as Aviation Appreciation Month in the state. Aviation contributes an estimated $3.8 billion annually to Alaska’s economy."  Read More Here.
06/14/2020   Bird Strike May Have Preceded Snowbirds Crash - ARTICLE - From AVweb - by Russ Niles - "Canadian military investigators say it’s possible a bird strike preceded the crash of a CT-114 Tutor aircraft that resulted in the death of a member of the support team for the Snowbirds air demonstration team. The Royal Canadian Air Force released a still image from a video of the takeoff showing what appears to be a bird near the right engine inlet of the former jet training aircraft."  Read More Here.

06/14/2020    Stupid Pilot Tricks - ARTICLE - From AVweb - by Paul Berge - "Sure as the BRS Save‑O’‑The‑Month calendar flips to a new year, we here at the Department of Self‑Righteous Finger Pointing present the best of the dumbest ways pilots have contributed to keeping the skies safe by rendering as many aircraft as possible unairworthy. Today, we review the year 2016, which reflected a modest improvement in not crashing but still logged 1627 accident/incidents worthy of NTSB note. That’s 4.46 events per day or roughly one prang every 5.3 hours. As with past Stupid Pilot Tricks, we use NTSB “probable cause” results and don’t report on fatal accidents."  Learn just what your odds are, and profit from this read that explores how accidents happen and to who.  Read it Here.

06/14/2020   FAA Warns of Tail Strikes, Off-Course Flying by Near-Empty Jets - ARTICLE - From Bloomberg Law - "One nearly empty passenger jet “climbed like a rocket,” prompting the pilots to exceed their assigned altitude. Others have scraped their tails on takeoff, gone off course or strayed close enough to other aircraft to prompt mid-air collision alerts... The common thread: the massive disruptions to the U.S. airline industry caused by the Covid-19 pandemic."  Visit a well written description of what might be described as an Airspace Safety disruption.  Read about it Here.

06/14/2020  -  VFR CHARTS TO GO ON 56-DAY PUBLICATION CYCLE IN 2021 - ARTICLE - From AOPA - Read it Here.

06/07/2020   Satellite Imagery - ARTICLE - From AVweb - A history and an Explanation - A very nice concise article to help a pilot interested in knowing why the reports might say what they do will be interested in reading.  A great departure point to launch your weather knowledge toolbox with.  Read it Here.

06/01/2020   More tips to protect your plane’s engine — and your wallet — from fuel problems - ARTICLE - From General Aviation News - Steps you can consider that most probably do not think about are written about.  Read them Here.

05/31/2020   FAA Regulatory Update due to Coronavirus Circumstances. FAA Page - View it Here.

05/31/2020   Formation photo flight, 2 Spitfires (and a Mustang!) while departing from Airventure 2018. - VIDEO - A wonderfully shot piece that is both pictorial and informative.  Want to know how to start a Merlin powered Spitfire... want a close up view of the rear view mirror, responsible for 5% of the total drag produced in flight... (the reason it was later designed inside the canopy)... well this video has it all!  See the video Here.

05/31/2020   LOCI: An Upsetting Situation - ARTICLE -From NBAA - "Maybe it’s time for business aviation to reexamine its approach to upset prevention and recovery training. Despite the business aviation industry’s longstanding efforts to stem loss of control inflight (LOC-I) accidents and prevent aircraft upsets, such accidents show no sign of waning, even as training providers have added LOC-I prevention and recovery courses.  Why is that?"  Read More Here.

05/31/2020   Safety Wire - ARTICLE and 57 Second VIDEO - GA Safety Enhancement Topic - Failure to properly secure aircraft components can compromise powerplant and control system operation, leading to system and component failures. Properly secure aircraft components with safety wire, ensure that hardware locking mechanisms are properly installed on your aircraft, and check them often to confirm they are taut and ready for flight. - Safety Wire … It Can Save Your Life - Explore the opportunity to Learn about What You Need to Know by Clicking or Tapping Here.

05/30/2020   Real Pilot Stories from ASI - VIDEO - Trapped on top. A non-current instrument-rated pilot deals with an unexpected IFR descent and an engine failure in this Real Pilot Story from the AOPA Air Safety Institute. Webmaster Note: These stories are always well produced and always worth your time.

05/26/2020  A Pakistan Airliner landed Gear Up on its First Attempt...  then took off again.   As the story from AVweb goes, that was not a good choice.  Published here as a valuable preemptive message to any pilot who might have a similar idea.  Read the article and visit a link to various videos by clicking Here.

05/24/2020   Maneuvering Speed - From Aviation Safety Magazine - Combining the loads imposed by maneuvering with those encountered in turbulence can exceed structural limits. "Early in our primary training, we encountered the concept of maneuvering speed (VA), or design maneuvering speed as it’s sometimes called. We’re basically told it’s the speed at below which we should fly in turbulence and when entering advanced maneuvers, hence its name. If we’re lucky and have a good ground-school instructor, we’ll also learn that VA changes with weight: As the airplane’s weight decreases, so will maneuvering speed. Although VA isn’t marked on our airspeed indicators, there should be a placard listing it at the airplane’s gross weight, with the admonition to not make full control deflections above it."  Explore VA, survey some unfortunate notable accidents - Read this beneficial critique Here.

05/24/2020  For the most up-to-date information and news from FAA regarding the Coronavirus, please visit the Novel Coronavirus (COVID-19) Update. You can also view a list of programs put in place by the FAA by visiting Here

05/24/2020   From Paddles to PEDs    Good communication is fundamental to the safety and integrity of our airspace and to the growing number and diversity of NAS users. Today’s aviation environment has plenty of tools to accomplish this critical endeavor. For a look at some of what these modern-day communication devices offer and how to harness their full potential, read the article, “From Paddles to PEDs: A User’s Guide to Modern Day Aviation Communication Equipment” at Check out the entire aviation communication-themed issue at

05/24/2020   Take a Moment for an Aviation Maintenance Safety Tip on ADs 

Airworthiness Directives (ADs) are legally enforceable regulations issued by the FAA in accordance with 14 CFR part 39 to correct an unsafe condition in a product (an aircraft, engine, propeller, or appliance). Do you know how to find ADs applicable to your aircraft? Check out this Aviation Maintenance Safety Moment video to see how:

You might also want to consider nominating any outstanding AMTs for the Charles Taylor Master Mechanic Award, which recognizes 50 years of exemplary aviation maintenance experience, distinguished professionalism, and steadfast commitment to aviation safety. For more details on this prestigious award, go to

05/18/2020   Snowbirds CL41 Tutor Crash 17 May 2020 - VIDEO - The Blancolirio Report - Video and explanation - Watch/Listen Here.

05/17/2020  Three Seconds, Three Choices - VIDEO - Relinquishing pilot-in-command authority is never a good idea, especially if the airplane you're following disappears in the fog. Watch this AOPA Air Safety Institute Real Pilot Story to learn lessons from a nearly disastrous flight.  A VFR into IMC adventure!

05/17/2020  Aircraft Tailplane Stalls - ARTICLE - If you ever have one, its likely you've encountered in-flight icing, and you may have a whole 'nuther set of problems. "One of the keys to understanding tailplane stalls and the appropriate recovery method is to understand what the horizontal tail of a conventional airplane (i.e., one without a forward-mounted lifting surface known as a canard) does: It exists to counter the airplane’s natural tendency to nose down, thanks to its center of gravity being forward of the center of lift. It does so by exerting a lifting force opposite that of the wing." - From Aviation Safety Magazine. Read the Explanation Here.


05/17/2020  ATC Zero Events During the Pandemic - Prepare for the possibility of an ATC Zero event on your next flight with this safety notice. "The Issue: During this time of national emergency caused by the COVID-19 pandemic, air traffic control remains a critical service to ensure safe and efficient operations. However, the virus is also affecting ATC personnel, which has resulted in reduced staffing and even required some facilities to have unplanned closures (ATC zero)." "... several busy airports have been affected by tower closures, including Chicago Midway International Airport, McCarran International Airport, and John Wayne Airport-Orange County. In addition, the New York and Indianapolis air route traffic control centers have been impacted, among others."   Read the ASI Safety Notice Here.

05/17/2020   Guide to cleaning your books and pilot supplies released -  PDF - In light of the safety issues surrounding the COVID-19 outbreak, ASA has prepared a document outlining how to clean and disinfect books and pilot supplies. - The free ASA InFO (Information for Operators) document provides recommendations for the HS-1A AirClassics Headset, CX-3 Flight Computer, Flight Timer 2, and all ASA books, E6-B Flight Computers, plotters, and The Standard series logbooks.  See it Here

05/17/2020   REMINDER:  Visit the FAA  "FLY SAFE"  Series for ADRESSING GA SAFETY.  "This month (May) we focus on the importance and use of safety locking devices" - FAA.   Click Here for program options.

05/17/2020  U.S. Transportation Secretary Elaine L. Chao Appoints Industry Leaders to Women in Aviation Advisory Board - FAA PR RELEASE - Former U.S. Air Force Secretary Heather Wilson Appointed as Chair

WASHINGTON – May 15, 2020 – U.S. Secretary of Transportation Elaine L. Chao today announced the appointment of 30 board members to the newly-formed Women in Aviation Advisory Board (WIAAB). Former U.S. Air Force Secretary Heather Wilson will serve as chair of the board.

“The Department welcomes Dr. Heather Wilson and these accomplished advisory board members, who share a commitment and passion for encouraging women to access opportunities in aviation,” said U.S. Transportation Secretary Elaine L. Chao.

Dr. Wilson is the President of The University of Texas at El Paso, one of the top 5% of research universities and one of the nation’s leading Hispanic-serving institutions. She previously served as the 24th Secretary of the Air Force and represented New Mexico in the U.S. Congress for a decade. She graduated from the U.S. Air Force Academy in the third class to include women and earned her master’s and doctoral degrees as a Rhodes Scholar at Oxford University in England. Wilson is an instrument-rated private pilot and aircraft owner.

“Women are underrepresented in aviation and I look forward to working with Secretary Chao, the FAA, and the advisory board to develop strategies that will encourage more women to consider careers in the aviation industry,” Dr. Wilson said.

The WIAAB was established on October 3, 2019, under the FAA Reauthorization Act of 2018. The purpose of the WIAAB is to develop strategies and recommendations that would encourage women and girls to enter the field of aviation. The WIAAB will assess education, training, mentorship, outreach, and recruitment of women in the aviation industry.

Board members represent a diverse range of backgrounds and expertise, including those from major airlines and aerospace companies, nonprofit organizations within the aviation industry, aviation and engineering business associations, the U.S. Air Force Auxiliary, Civil Air Patrol, and institutions of higher education and aviation trade schools. A full list of appointees and their biographies is available here.

“From Secretary Chao to the several women on my senior leadership team, and the more than 10,000 women in the FAA, we see the professionalism and contributions that make our aviation industry the gold standard for the world every day,” said FAA Administrator Steve Dickson. “We salute the WIAAB’s new board members for their commitment to illuminate this career path for more women.”

A Federal Register Notice to solicit nominations for candidates to serve on the Board was published on October 8, 2019, and closed October 29, 2019.  Nearly 200 competitive applicant packages were submitted for consideration.

Members will be appointed to the WIAAB for the duration of its existence, which is anticipated to be a minimum of 2 years, and will meet up to two times per year to carry out its duties.


05/16/2020   Restricted Areas: What You Should Know, And How To Operate Around Them - ARTICLE - From Boldmethod - by Swayne Martin - "Did you know there are approximately 500 restricted areas in the skies over the USA? Here's what you need to know before your next flight..."  Step by step clarification regarding restricted Areas, how they are depicted on a chart, and how to get information regarding them.  Read the story here.

05/16/2020   "Getting In When Radar is Out (and other Unexpected Scenarios)" - ARTICLE - From AOPA - "What operating rules apply to VFR flights in controlled airspace when the controlling air traffic facility has an unscheduled shutdown?"  By Dan Namowitz - Read it Here.

05/14/2020   Pandemic Prompts Big Changes for Business Aviation - ARTICLE - From AINonline - "The aviation world has changed considerably as a result of the Covid-19 pandemic, forcing business aircraft operators and flight departments to question common practices and what were, until just a few months ago, considered certainties in the industry. Decreasing passenger loads and varying regulatory demands have contributed to a worldwide decline in flights in all aviation sectors, but for those business aviation operators still flying or about to resume operations, “there is no such thing as a routine trip anymore,” said Adam Hartley, manager of global regulatory services with Universal Weather and Aviation." Read The  Full Story

05/14/2020   Nation’s Largest General Aviation Airports Display Resiliency, Prepare for Future - ARTICLE - From NBAA - "The COVID-19 pandemic devastated traffic counts at the nation’s largest airports used by business aircraft, however, all airports remain staffed and operational throughout the crisis, with some encouraging signs traffic has started to rebound. Overall flight operations at L.G. Hanscom Field (BED) in Bedford, MA dropped 75% in April compared to the same month in 2019. “Our May operations are down 65% so far, which puts us down around 24% for the year so far,” said Sharon Williams, BED airport director. Traffic impacts across the country vary due to different state restrictions. For example, California and Florida did not restrict flight training to the same extent as Colorado, which helped maintain light aircraft counts up for those airports. However, jet operations remained down across the board." Read the Full Story Here

05/13/2020   Eight Tech Companies Tasked with Developing UAS Remote ID Technologies - ARTICLE - From NBAA - Airbus and Amazon are among the eight companies tasked with assisting the FAA in establishing remote identification (RID) requirements to provide identification and location information for unmanned aircraft systems (UAS), the agency recently announced.  Read the story Here.

05/13/2020  WINGS SPECIAL TOPICS OF THE QUARTER - PDF - Check out the WINGS Topic of the Quarter checklist at this link:

05/13/2020   RADIO JITTERS?  - PDF - Do you get nervous or intimidated when talking on the radio or with air traffic control? Don’t worry. You’re not alone. The May/June 2020 issue of FAA Safety Briefing focuses on the importance of proper communication in aviation and its critical role in furthering safety. Feature articles include a refresher on the basics of good "aviation" grammar, how to use correct phraseology to avoid confusion or misunderstandings, and how to best leverage technology and equipment to improve your communication skills. Read the article, “No-Go on the Radio” at for a list of what not to say, and the corresponding rules for radio righteousness. Check out the entire issue at

05/13/2020   STAYING STABLE - PDF - VIDEO - A stabilized approach is one in which the pilot establishes and maintains a constant angle glide path towards a predetermined point on the landing runway. In addition to helping you achieve buttery-smooth landings, maintaining a stabilized approach is also a great way to avoid loss of control during the landing phase of your flight. To learn more, download our #FlySafe fact sheet here and watch our "57 Seconds to Safer Flying" video

05/13/2020   FAA Posts Draft EA for South-Central Florida Metroplex  - PDF - "The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) has posted the Draft Environmental Assessment (EA) for the South-Central Florida Metroplex project, the agency’s plan to modernize air traffic procedures for four major air carrier airports and 17 additional airports in the southern half of the state. - A 60-day public comment period for the Draft EA begins today and ends on July 10, 2020. The agency expects to issue an environmental determination in September 2020, after it considers and reviews all substantive comments received during the comment period. The public can review the Draft EA and submit comments on this page.

The FAA will hold 12 virtual public workshops on the Draft EA during the first two weeks of June. Residents can view the schedule and register to attend a virtual workshop at Community Involvement South Central Florida.

5/13/2020    GPS Interference Issue Back on the Table - ARTICLE - From AINonline  -  "A coalition of industries that rely on GPS is concerned that the U.S. Federal Communications Commission’s (FCC) approval of Ligado Networks' telecommunications system will risk interference with GPS signals. Ligado is the new company formed after LightSquared’s bankruptcy in 2012, and it took over LightSquared’s L-band network. Ligado does not agree that there is any risk of GPS interference in the range of frequencies covered by its FCC license."  Read the full story Here

The coalition’s issues are summarized in a submission to a Senate Armed Services Committee hearing held on May 6, “Department of Defense Spectrum Policy and the Impact of the FCC's Ligado Decision on National Security.” The issues include ignoring national security, risking public safety, economic impact, and outsourcing enforcement of GPS interference issues to Ligado.

5/13/2020   URGENT: READ THIS BEFORE FLYING! - USE CAUTION BEFORE FLYING DURING CORONAVIRUS PANDEMIC - ARTICLE- From AOPA - "Has your medical certificate, flight review, or instrument currency expired? If so, read this to determine whether you can fly.  -  The FAA’s 94-page special federal aviation regulation on flying during the coronavirus pandemic is complicated, and pilots need to read it carefully to determine what does and does not apply to their individual situations."  You can read the article Here.